Peyton Polly/Polley

Male 1789 - 1884


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  • Name  Peyton Polly/Polley 
    Nickname  slave 
    Born  1789 
    • Slave originally owned by David Polly, Pike Co., Ky.
    Gender  Male 
    Residence  1 Jun 1849  Pike Co Ky to Lawrence Co OH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Peyton moved them in June of 1849 they were kidnaped June 6 1850 and taken to Lawrence Co Ky see slave sch for David Justice he has all eight plus a 21 year old male
    They were all his children Hulda Douglas Peyton Harrison Nelson Louisa Anna and granddaughter Mary Jane all mulattos
     
    Died  1884  Rockcamp, Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • United States Census, 1870," Violet Polley in household of Peyton Polley (Ohio, United States)
      Name: Violet Polley
      Estimated Birth Year: 1810
      Gender: Female
      Age in 1870: 60y
      Color (white, black, mulatto, chinese, Indian): Black
      Birthplace: Kentucky
      Home in 1870: Ohio, United States
      Household Gender Age
      Peyton Polley M 73y
      Violet Polley F 60y
      Douglas Polley M 75y
      William Polley M 20y
      Mary Polley F 20y
      Mary Ann Polley F 2y
    • "United States Census, 1880," Violet Polly in household of Paton Polly (Perry, Lawrence, Ohio)
      Name: Violet Polly
      Residence: Perry, Lawrence, Ohio
      Birthdate: 1811
      Birthplace: Kentucky, United States
      Relationship to Head: Wife
      Spouse's Name: Paton Polly
      Spouse's Birthplace: Virginia, United States
      Father's Name:
      Father's Birthplace: Kentucky, United States
      Mother's Name:
      Mother's Birthplace: Virginia, United States
      Race or Color (Expanded): Black
      Ethnicity (Standardized): American
      Gender: Female
      Martial Status: Married
      Age (Expanded): 69 years
      Occupation: Keeping House
      NARA Film Number: T9-1039
      Page: 268
      Page Character: B
      Entry Number: 909
      Film number: 1255039
      Household Gender Age
      Spouse Paton Polly M 79
      Violet Polly F 69
      Child James Polly M 24
      Douglas Polly M 81
    • "Ohio Deaths and Burials, 1854-1997," Payton Polley (1884)
      Name: Payton Polley
      Gender: Male
      Burial Date:
      Burial Place:
      Death Date: 05 Apr 1884
      Death Place: Rock Camp, Lawrence, Ohio
      Age: 95
      Birth Date: 1789
      Birthplace: Kentucky
      Occupation:
      Race: Black
      Marital Status: Married
      Spouse's Name:
      Father's Name:
      Father's Birthplace:
      Mother's Name:
      Mother's Birthplace:
      Indexing Project (Batch) Number: B07039-9

      System Origin: Ohio-EASy
      Source Film Number: 317745
      Reference Number: Led-Pg 1-286 Reg 9
      Source:familysearch.com
    • THE POLLY NEGRO FAMILY
      Submitted by: Sharon Kouns

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Ironton Register, February 2, 1860
      The following is a copy of Gov. Dennison's Message relating the Polly Negro Family, kidnapped from this county in 1851, passage (or message) in answer to a resolution offered in the House by Representative Nigh, of this county:


      STATE OF OHIO EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT }
      Jan. 24th, 1860}


      To The House of Representatives:

      I have received a copy of a resolution, passed by your honorable body, requesting the Governor to transmit to you "all information in his possession, relating to the Polly negroes kidnapped from the county of Lawrence, and now held in slavery in the State of Virginia or elsewhere, together with the amount of all sums of money expended in the prosecution of suits for their reclamation, and for other purposes connected therewith, when and to whom paid," etc. I

      have the honor to state that on the 27th of February, 1851, the General Assembly passed a preamble and resolution in these words: "WHEREAS, It has been represented to this General Assembly that on the night of the sixth of January last, seven of the children and one of the grand-children of Peyton Polly, all said to be free colored persons, residing in Lawrence county, in this State were forcibly seized and carried into Kentucky, and are therein now held in slavery contrary to law:

      And "WHEREAS:

      It is represented that said Peyton Polly is poor and unable to raise the pecuniary means necessary to procure counsel to test in a Court of law the right of his said children to their liberty. Therefore. Resolved, That the Governor be, and he is hereby authorized to inquire into the facts of said alleged seizure and abduction, and if, on such inquiry, he shall become satisfied that said representations are probably true, that he shall employ counsel and adopt such other measures as shall conduce most especially to restore said persons to their liberty, and that the cost and expenses thereof shall be paid from his contingent fund."

      Under this resolution Gov. Wood appointed Joel W. Wilson, of Seneca county, as the agent of the State to take the case in hand. The family, it appeared, were originally slaves in Kentucky, and were owned by one David Campbell, of Pike co., in that State. -- On the 20th Jan. 1849, Campbell and his wife executed their bill of sale to Douglas Polly one black woman named Violet, aged 38 years, one black boy named Dugel, aged 15 years, one black boy named Dayton, aged 13 years, one black boy named Harrison, aged 10 years, one black boy named Nelson, aged 8 years, one named Aaron, aged 4 years, one black girl, aged 6 years, and one black girl, aged 2 years.

      The Douglas Polly to whom the sale was made was a free man of color, who had been a slave of David Polly, but was duly emancipated and set free by his last will and testament, so entered of record in Pike county, Kentucky. These slaves were sold to him for the purpose of being brought to Ohio and emancipated. It appears also that after the sale the former owner removed from Kentucky to Virginia, leaving them in the possession of the said Douglas.

      The creditors of the former owner instituted proceedings against said Douglas to set aside said sale on the ground that it was made to defraud creditors, and subject said negroes to the payment of their former owner's debts. Whereupon the said Douglas, who has acquired some $1,500, paid off all the claims against them, and was permitted to remove them personably to Ohio, where he brought them and set them free.

      Sometime after they were brought to this State and set free, their former owner executed another bill of sale, for them, to a man named Justice, who resided in Lawrence county, Kentucky, which said bill of sale expressed as a consideration the sum of one thousand dollars; but it was supposed that was paid, and that said Justice was to have a part of them if he succeeded in getting them. Upon said second bill of sale being executed to said Justice, he came into Ohio to reclaim them as fugitive slaves, but did not succeed.

      The matter rested in this way until 1850, when a body of armed men came into this State in the night, and kidnapped all of the children, leaving the father and mother behind. One of said children, thus kidnapped was an infant, born in the state of Ohio.

      --- Messrs. Loughborough and Ballard of Louisville, and James Harlan, of Frankfort, were employed by Mr. Wilson as attorney and counsel in Kentucky, and after protracted litigation in various courts of that State, four of the negroes were declared free by the Court of Appeal in 1853, and returned to their friends in Ohio.

      The other four had been sold into Virginia before process could be served in Kentucky. One has since died, and to one of the survivors a child has been born, making the number in Virginia still four.

      In behalf of these, Messrs. McComas and Samuels of Barboursville; and Mr. Fry of Wheeling, and Mr. Laidly, of Guyandott, were employed as attorney and counsel, and after a similar litigation they were declared free by the court of Cabell county.

      This judgment, however, was reversed by the court of appeals, on the ground that Wayne county being the actual residence of the defendants, Cabell county had no jurisdiction in the case. Here follows a statement of the items of expense incurred in the prosecution of these suits, amounting, in the aggregate to $3,257.75.

      The Message concludes as follows:
      "The litigation had been renewed in Wayne county, and when my predecessor addressed a letter in March, 1856, to Mr. Laidly, who had been represented to him as well qualified in all respects for the conduct of the case, inquiring into its condition and the probable expenses of prosecuting it to a conclusion, Mr. Laidly replied that no additional counsel would be thereafter required, that all future expenses, including the expenses of taking deposition and compensation for his own services would not exceed two hundred dollars, and that a favorable decision might be expected the following August.

      The sum of one hundred dollars was accordingly remitted to him on account, but the litigation was not brought to the expected termination. Subsequently other letters were received from Laidly, asking a further remittance, and asking the employment of additional counsel; and finally, in November last, a letter was addressed by direction of the Governor, to Mr. Leete, of Ironton, proposing to pay his expenses if he would go to Virginia and ascertain the exact condition of the case, and the probabilities of success in its further prosecution.

      To this letter Mr. Leete replied on the 25th of November, stating that he would, at his earliest convenience, go to Barboursville and collect the facts, and report them for information of the Executive. He also expressed the opinion that some additional counsel should be employed in it. He suggested that Geo. W. Summers, of Kanawha, be retained. Since this letter from Mr. Leete nothing further has been heard from him in regard to the case.
      W. DENNISON.

      URL of this page: http://www.lawrencecountyohio.com/black/stories/pollynegro1.htm
      Date last modified: 12/07/2010 17:14:45

    • ***
      Pike Co. Kentucky Court (Feb or March) 1848 (margin read Deed of Emancipation)

      Hearing to the satisfaction of the Court that William late the slave of David Polley Deceased was by the last will and testament of the said David Polly emancipated and James Bivin Executor of said David Polly __Finding?__ It is ordered that the clerk of this Court _____ to the said William who is ___apertanced? / appearance?__ to the of the following _____ to wit aged 41 years five feet seven inches high yellow or __lighter?__ complexion a small scar over his right eye a certificate of his freedom upon him giving Bond with ____ ____ in the sum of three hundred and fifty dollars __ Conditioned that the said William shall not become a charge upon any County in this Commonwealth; and there upon the said William with William Ford ? his security ___ such cause as acknowledged, Bound to the Commonwealth accordingly which is approved by the Court.

      Note from Sharon Kouns: This William was born about 1807. If Peyton fathered this William, Peyton would have been 13 so doubtful he was the son of Peyton.

      ****
      Present William Ratliff _____ _____ (?)

      It appears to the satisfaction of the Court that Emenah late a female slave of David Polly deceased was by the last will and testament of the said David Polly emancipated and James Bevins, executor of late Davi Polly apending It is Ordered that the Clerk of Courts ___ to the said Emanah who is apertanced to be of the following description to-wit was 21 years about five feet 4 inches high , dark yellow complexion a certificate of her freedom upon her giving Bon with security in the ___ of three hundred and fifty dollars conditioned that the said Emanah shall not become a charge upon any county in the Commonwealth and there upon the said Emanah with John Dils, jr., and John D. Mims, her securities ___ with and acknowledge to the Commonwealth accordingly which is approved by the Court.
    Person ID  I1  Polley Family
    Last Modified  19 May 2012 

    Father  David Polley,   b. 1765, Halifax Co. VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1847, Pike Co., KY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Slave 
    Married  Y  [1
    • DISCLAIMER: This is just a hypothetical working copy of the descendants of David Polley. We are not saying he fathered the slaves until further proof, if any exists, can be given.

      David Polley did not marry his slave. This program does not give me the option to put not married.
    Family ID  F2  Group Sheet

    Father  African Americans in Lawrence Co Ohio 
    Family ID  F124  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Judith Unknown,   b. ca 1794 
    Married 
    • Adding as a spouse to Peyton so that I don't lose her in my research notes. Judith was freed by David Polley's will. She and Peyton were around the same age. Not proven if they were man and wife. More resarch needs done on her.
    • Pike County Kentucky
      March County Court 1848
      It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that Judith late the slave of David Polley deceased was by the last will and testament of the said David Polley emancipated and James Bevin Executor of said David Polley deceased.

      It is ordered that the Clerk of the Court hereto that Judith who is apertained to be of the following description to wit:

      Age 54, 4 feet 8 inches high. Blind in the right eye, a small mole on the left side of the mouth, of a dark black complexion, a certificate of her freedom upon her giving Bond with security in the final sum of three hunded and fifty dollars conditioned that she will not become a charge upon any County in the Commonwealth andd there upon the said Judith with John Dils jr. and John D. Mims her securities acknowledged Bond to the Commonwealth accordingly which is approve by the Court.
    Last Modified  5 May 2012 
    Family ID  F40  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Violet Justice,   b. Abt 1810, KY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. May 1888, Rockcamp, Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    >1. John Polley,   b. 1823, Pike Co., KY Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Betsey Polley,   b. 1828
    >3. Nathaniel Polley,   b. 1829,   d. 10 Sept. 1891, Ironton, Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location
    >4. Spencer Polley,   b. 1830, Pikeville, Pike Co., KY Find all individuals with events at this location
    >5. Huldah Polley,   b. Abt 1833, KY Find all individuals with events at this location
    >6. Douglass Polley,   b. 1834
    >7. Peyton/Dayton Polley/Polly, Jr.,   b. Abt 1836,   d. 1917
    >8. Harrison Polley/Polly,   b. May 1832, KY Find all individuals with events at this location
     9. Nelson Polley,   b. Abt 1841,   d. 1855, died in bondage after being abucted age 14 Find all individuals with events at this location
    >10. Louisa Polley,   b. Abt 1841,   d. 8 Jan 1892, Fayette Twp., Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location
    >11. Martha Polley,   b. Abt 1847
    >12. Anna Polly/Polley,   b. 1843, KY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jul 1930, Fayette Twp, Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location
    >13. William Henderson Polley,   b. 6 Aug 1850, OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1910, Fayette Twp., Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location
     14. James H. Polley,   b. Abt 1854, Rockcamp, Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jun 1898, Ironton, Lawrence Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  5 May 2012 
    Family ID  F1  Group Sheet

  • Documents
    Polly Family Slave Abduction
    Polly Family Slave Abduction
    Children of Peyton Polly kidnapped and sold back into slavery.
    Polly Negro Case
    Polly Negro Case
    Story about the children of Peyton Polly being abducted and sold back into slavery
    Polly vs Ratcliff
    Polly vs Ratcliff
    1854 case where Peyton Polly's children sues William and Janette C. Ratcliff
    Pike Co. Ky Court 1849 (4 of 5)
    Pike Co. Ky Court 1849 (4 of 5)
    David Polly
    Justice Family
    Justice Family
    VA-KY Justice Family
    Pike County Historical Papers Vol. 1 p. 82
    Justice Family Genealogy
    Justice Family Genealogy
    VA-KY Justice Family
    Pike County Historical Papers Vol. 1
    Justice Family Record p. 83
    Justice Family Record p. 83
    VA-KY Justice Family
    Pike County Historical Papers Vol. 1 p. 83 (3 of 3)
    Pike Co., Ky. Court 1849 (5 of 5)
    Pike Co., Ky. Court 1849 (5 of 5)
    David Polly
    Pike County Kentucky Court Record 1849 (1 of 5)
    Pike County Kentucky Court Record 1849 (1 of 5)
    David Polly

  • Sources 
    1. [S2] Pike Co KY Historical Papers Vol 1, Faye Helvey Burke.